Founded in 1917 as the School of Commerce and Finance, the Olin Business School at Washington University in St. Louis was one of the first business schools in the United States. Olin’s Knight and Bauer Halls opened in May 2014, offering large tiered and flat classrooms and converging around the Frick Forum, a three-story glass atrium that hosts town-hall meetings, speakers, and other events. Videos, broadcasts of sporting events, and other programming play on a 16-foot rear-screen video system on the first floor. A broad central staircase that also serves as casual seating rises to the second floor. Except for video soundtracks, the sound system mostly reinforces speech.
Supplying audio to the first two floors was challenging, however, because of the architecture. The ceiling-mounted point-source loudspeakers that were initially installed simply couldn’t handle the job. “The coverage was okay, but the installers were forced to place the speakers in the wrong location, behind the mic line, so they had problems with gain before feedback,” recalls design engineer Tom Blake of systems integrators AVI Systems. “The way the ceiling was cut out for the atrium, there were very few good options, but point-source speakers weren’t the right choice.”
Thanks to its long history of successful projects at Washington University, AVI Systems was chosen to design and build a new speaker system for the Frick Forum. In place of the point-source speakers, Blake specified a pair of Renkus-Heinz IC8-RN digitally steered arrays, part of the ICONYX Gen5 series. “This was our third project with ICONYX speakers, and we had great results in the other two,” notes Blake. “We used ICONYX loudspeakers in the auditorium in the same building four years ago, when the building went up. The key is that the capabilities of this speaker fit the application.” Since the main purpose was speech reinforcement, and the IC8-RN’s range extends down to 120 Hz, subwoofers weren’t required.
Taking advantage of Renkus-Heinz’ digital beam-steering technology, the AVI Systems team was able to place the IC8-RNs in front of the mic line, ensuring the desired gain before feedback. “There are two coverage areas: the steps from the first floor up to the second floor and the entire second floor that circles the steps,” Blake explains. “We mounted the IC8-RNs left and right on the pillars of the second floor and split-aimed the beams to hit the steps of the first floor and the floor area of the second floor.”
The Renkus-Heinz IC8-RN supplies eight four-inch coaxial transducers, each with three high-frequency tweeters, along with eight amplifier and DSP channels. Each IC8-RN generates up to four steerable beams with multiple acoustic beam centres and beam control down to 800 Hz. Blake aimed the beams to precisely cover the steps and second floor while minimising reflections off of the atrium’s extensive glass and other hard surfaces. The speakers’150° horizontal dispersion up to 3 kHz (120° above 3 kHz) enabled the system to cover the broad stairs fully.
A BSS Soundweb London BLU-806DA DSP manages the system, which also includes four Shure wireless mics and a Shure podium mic. “We’re going Dante into the BSS,” Blake details. “But I ran analogue to the IC8-RNs, rather than Dante, because we also did 11 classrooms with full AV control, and I didn’t have room to put the speakers on the network.” Two password-protected AMX touch panels enable authorised staff to control the Renkus-Heinz system.
“This project was mostly about coverage and gain before feedback,” Blake summarises. “The Renkus-Heinz IC8-RNs accomplished both. The sound is clear and intelligible, and the only dead spots are directly behind the IC8-RNs on the second floor, which is entirely acceptable. The Renkus-Heinz speakers worked out perfectly, and the university is very happy.”
We will be focusing on AV technology for the education sector in the May- June edition of Pro-Systems Africa News Magazine. Subscribe HERE to receive your copy.